Multiple Sclerosis, or MS, is a degenerative disease that attacks the body’s nervous system. The nervous system includes the brain, spinal cord, and various nerves that branch from them; MS attacks the brain and spinal cord. Nerves have protective sheaths of tissue called myelin. In patients diagnosed with MS, the myelin sheaths are destroyed, and the nerves become exposed and damaged. These sites of nerve damage are wounds, internal wounds, no different from wounds on the outside of our bodies. All wounds proceed through healing stages that result in some degree of sclerosis or scarring. Multiple Sclerosis (Scars). These scars or wounds can lead to a variety of symptoms depending on the area that is damaged and the severity of the degeneration.
There is no identifiable cause of Multiple Sclerosis, yet millions of people around the world have been diagnosed. No two people have the same experience with MS, but the progression of symptoms can be either a slow progressive neurological decline (Chronic Progressive MS) or periods of severe decline followed by months and even years of remission (Relapsing/Remitting MS. These periods of increased symptoms in Relapsing/Remitting MS are also known as flare-ups or relapses. MS relapses can last from a few days up to several months. These can be difficult to treat, and flare-ups can often result in permanent symptoms over time.